He was born in 1872 in Amersfoort, Holland and died in New York on 1944.
Mondrian is known for his colorful geometric art compositions which encompass horizontal and certical lines and the use of primary colors red, blue and yellow, along with black, white and gray.
Piet Mondrian and Theo von Doesburg were the inspiration and founders of the Neo-Plasticism Abstract Art Movement.
One of his most famous Mondrian paintings is Broadway Boogie-Woogie which is held by MoMA in Manhattan
His father was an amateur painter but he was taught by his uncle, Fritz Mondrian, who was a member of the Hague School of Landscape artists. He studied in Amsterdam and became a primary school teacher, but his intention was always to become an artist. In 1892 he enrolled at the Academy for Fine Art and in 1893 his first paintings were exhibited.
Fellow Dutch artist, Jan Toorop encouraged Mondrian to discover the work of the French Post-Impressionist artists. This proved to be a pivotal moment and his paintings changed from this point in time and they began encompassing bold brushwork and bright colors as evidenced in The Blue Tree c1908
Mondrian's career took a further turn when he moved to Paris and became involved with the Cubist movement started by Picasso and Braque; Gray Tree 1912 was Mondrian’s first oil painting applying abstract cubist principles.
In 1919 and at the end of WW1, Mondrian returned to Paris and it was here he started his grid-based paintings.
Just before the start of WW2 he moved to London, and then to New York in 1940 where he remained until his death in 1944 of pneumonia.
In 2015, Mondrian’s Composition III sold at Christie’s in New York for $50 million, setting a record figure for the artist.
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