Caspar David Friedrich, a 19th century artist, is considered the most important German painter of the period. He is known for his Romanticism landscape paintings. Wanderer by the Sea of Fog is Caspar David Friedrich's most famous painting. Other famous Romanticism paintings by Friedrich are The Monk by the Sea c1809 and Sea of Ice c1823. Both oil paintings were restored by the Staatliche Museum in Berlin, with the extensive restoration taking almost three years. Monk by the Sea is a mesmerizing romanticism art painting; the small figure of a monk stands before a vast sea and sky while feeling the presence of the Lord. The Sea of Ice c1823, originally known as The Polar Sea, depicts the Artic Sea with a shipwreck. It was only sold when the artist died in 1840 and is now considered one of his finest romanticism art movement paintings.
He was born into a large and poor family in September 1774 on the Baltic coast. Caspar David Friedrich went on to study in Copenhagen at the Academy of Art, having impressed his early tutors in his hometown of Greifswald. He moved to Dresden in 1798 and, after frequent trips to the Baltic coast, began painting landscapes of Northern Germany.
Friedrich was elected a member of the Berlin Academy in 1810 following the purchase of two of his paintings by the Prussian Crown Prince. In 1818 he married and had three children. His paintings were also popular with the Russian nobility. Many of his oil paintings were taken to hang in the Royal Palaces of St Petersburg. Friedrich's popularity was seriously declining at the end of his life, and he died in financial poverty. Caspar David Friedrich romanticism paintings were all but forgotten until their rediscovery some 60 years later by Norwegian painter Edvard Munch. The German artist Max Ernst admired his artwork, and other Surrealism artists, including Rene Magritte, praised his paintings.
Even the famous color field painter Mark Rothko states Caspar David Friedrich as inspirational with The Monk by the Sea, inspiring his painting Light Earth and Blue.
Famous Romanticism paintings include:
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